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Log in Register. With one month to go before the raid, and with only Gibson knowing the full details of the operation, the squadron began intensive training in low-level night flying and navigation. They were ready for Operation 'Chastise'.
There were tree-covered hills around the reservoir, but any attacking aircraft would be exposed on the immediate approach. The Eder dam was of similar construction but was an even more challenging target.
Its winding reservoir was bordered by steep hills. The only way to approach would be from the north.
The Sorpe was a different type of dam and had a watertight concrete core 10m wide. At each end of its reservoir the land rose steeply, and there was also a church spire in the path of the attacking aircraft. From 9.
Looking for the war hero in your family? This in turn is the backdrop to the great ethical and legal debates about warfare today: about the relation between technology and human heroism, about collateral damage and proportional loss, and the role of publicity stunts in terror war. Labour party conference , in pictures Steerpike. Military History. Save This Event Log in or sign up for Eventbrite to save events you're interested in.
The remaining aircraft still to drop their bombs then attacked the Eder, which finally collapsed at 1. Meanwhile, aircraft from the two other waves bombed the Sorpe but it remained intact.
Of the aircrew that took part, 53 men were killed and three became prisoners of war. On the ground, almost 1, people were killed in the resulting flooding. Although the impact on industrial production was limited, the raid gave a significant morale boost to the people of Britain. The surviving aircrew of Squadron were lauded as heroes, and Guy Gibson was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during the raid.
The raid also established Squadron as a specialist precision bombing unit, experimenting with new bomb sights, target marking techniques and colossal new 'earthquake' bombs developed by Barnes Wallis.
Amanda Mason. Friday 5 January But Squadron had a secret weapon: the 'bouncing bomb'. See object record.