Poverty and Psychology: From Global Perspective to Local Practice

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IGCSE Global Perspectives - Team Project - Poverty and Inequality

Because of the violent nature of the business, HT victims are frequently left with life-threatening injuries. Emergency department ED nurses are in a unique position as one of the few professionals likely to encounter trafficked victims and can be the first to interact with victims. This poses an urgent and unique opportunity for nurses to identify, support, and refer victims to appropriate agencies. Incorporating relevant training for nurses and other healthcare providers is crucial. Nurses have a potentially important, but currently largely unrealized role, in HT victim identification and rescue Nurses have a potentially important, but currently largely unrealized role, in HT victim identification and rescue Grace et al.

Energy Poverty and Vulnerability

As frontline caregivers, nurses are often the bridge between victims and other service providers and resources. In addition to identifying HT victims, healthcare providers need to be able to ask the right questions and offer assistance. Nurses face challenges to identify appropriate, well-designed education offered by qualified individuals. As the incidence of HT increases locally and globally, so should learning opportunities and resources to properly inform nurses. With global evidence showing ever-changing and complex health trends, nursing competencies to appropriately address emerging issues come under scrutiny.

Nurses have a duty and responsibility to seek necessary competency to support current practice and to positively impact new challenges such as HT. In a recent study that focused on the health sector response to HT victims Konstantopoulos et. This study highlighted the unmet need and significant opportunity for local health systems to assume a more active role in anti-trafficking work.

Nurses and nurse educators are important to the development of social responsibility. They must prepare to fully develop strengths of the nursing profession in the context of an increasingly globally connected world. Such efforts lay groundwork for those in the health sector to increasingly participate in anti-trafficking policymaking at local and national levels to ensure that the public health perspective is incorporated into future anti-trafficking initiatives Konstantopoulos et al.

Frontline nurses are and will be leaders in the recognition of and intervention for HT victims. The institutional commitment to strengthen character-driven global leadership is reflected in its efforts to support humanitarian action. Institute leaders are also working to help incorporate a human trafficking training program into nursing school curricula McCain Institute, One does not necessarily have to fill a formal leadership role to be considered a leader, especially in cases related to global health issues such as HT. McCain, Public awareness is a first step in the fight against HT The ideal person to initially examine an HT victim is a forensic nurse, a nurse with Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner SANE certification, or an emergency nurse with advanced training in evidence collection, preservation, and documentation Peters, Established SANE programs provide the best venue for SANE nurses to gain the trust of victims, thus increasing the chance of rescue from their traffickers.

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Specially trained nurses are also excellent resources to provide training and education to law enforcement and emergency medical services EMS agencies and to increase awareness for local community groups, businesses, and civic organizations. Public awareness is a first step in the fight against HT; the best defense against HT is a knowledgeable, engaged, and acutely aware community. Nurses can take a more active role in HT awareness by focusing on the training and education of other healthcare professionals within the hospital and the community.

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Editors: Carr, Stuart C., Sloan, Tod S. (Eds.) Although poverty is a global issue profoundly affecting millions of human beings, the psychology literature rarely focuses on this problem. Poverty and Psychology: From Global Perspective to Local Practice seeks to remedy that by. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Poverty and Psychology: From Global Perspective to Local Practice | Although poverty is a global issue profoundly affecting.

An interprofessional approach is key to address issues of HT through training programs, online education, and establishment of protocols. Awareness campaigns and community education also improve victim identification. Finally, nurses can support ongoing HT research in a vital effort to quantify the magnitude of the problem and make this information available and understandable to communities, healthcare systems, and governmental agencies.

Maternal and newborn health issues are a global health priority. Maternal deaths arise from risks tied to pregnancy and childbirth, in addition to poor quality healthcare. Maternal mortality is a serious international public health issue. More women die from pregnancy-related causes in the United States than in any other developed nation, and the maternal mortality rate is increasing over time Advisory Board, People-centered care that recognizes the legitimate right to and expectations for equitable, high-quality, safe and respectful care should be a global health priority at the heart of the movement to improve maternal and newborn care Hoope-Bender et al.

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The global health community should continue to fast-track progress toward elimination of all preventable causes of maternal and newborn mortality. What makes this issue more pressing and a worldwide focus is that these are preventable deaths. Leading causes of maternal deaths in the United States overlap with the main global causes; hemorrhage, pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders and infection are among the top causes of death in both the U.

The largest numbers and highest rates of maternal, neonatal and child deaths are in the country of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia Bhutta et.

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Maternal-newborn health issues require the nurse to consider not just one, but two or more patients, when seeking to improve care and quality outcomes. This requires a focus on wellness care and prevention as opposed to illness care. Nursing care provided during the birth process is critical but nurses also have an impact in the antenatal setting.

One goal associated with improving antenatal care is to emphasize the importance of other healthcare needs, such as tetanus immunization, family planning, and prevention and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus HIV.

A key factor for successful education of nurses and other interprofessional team members is an evidence based practice approach. The evidence based movement over a decade ago created a culture for questioning and guiding the content of interventions. Working with families and communities is necessary to focus on improving access to and use of quality health programs that include prevention initiatives.

One means to achieve this goal is to implement strategies concentrated on education, provision of care, and health system strengthening. Nurses and other healthcare professionals have knowledge, opportunity, and often political leverage. Patients and families expect knowledgeable caregivers, and specialty certification can provide reassurance about nurse competence. Nurses who specialize in the field of maternal newborn health should be encouraged to achieve certification in this area.

It is official recognition of achievement, expertise, and clinical judgment from the profession and requires continued learning and skill development to maintain American Nurses Credentialing Center, Public awareness of the value of nurse certification is increasing. The first of eight essential nurse leader competencies for , established by the Canadian Nurses Association , is a global perspective or mindset regarding healthcare and professional nursing issues. Perhaps these essential competencies should be considered as an exemplar to other economically advantaged countries. The role of the nurse leader has to expand beyond the walls of hospitals and other healthcare settings if we are to successfully impact the fight against emerging GHIs.

Each day brings new and greater challenges that nurses must face head-on. Leaders must be strong, innovative, financially savvy, and willing to take on increasingly difficult and complex situations.

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Nurses must be willing to lead by example, set clear expectations, and require accountability. A leader must also be visionary and forward thinking. If we are to create and sustain change, it must come from the nurse who is both a leader and a change agent. The role of the nurse leader is key to help an organization prepare for and lead change.

Nurse leaders must model the role of change agents and lead by example in change implementation demonstrating equanimity. An effective change agent is disciplined, thinks rationally with an open mind, and is informed by evidence Oulton, Administrative support is also critical to gain the trust of frontline nurses as they embark on a journey of change that will positively impact GHIs they face in practice on a daily basis.

Guest Roast: Poverty – Who is to blame?

Being a global leader requires an understanding of the wider context; it means having a view greater than the local perspective and realizing connections and relationships that exist globally. Nurse leaders are also instrumental in facilitating change within the community and should seek such opportunities. For example, by becoming a member of a local board, the contribution of nurses and nursing is represented at community tables and can positively impact change that reaches far beyond traditional healthcare delivery settings.

Global leadership in health requires vision, strategic thinking, credibility, and the ability to work with and influence others. It also requires the leader to be a global citizen, or someone who works to make the world a better place. A global citizen is aware of the wider world; respects and values diversity; and is outraged by social injustice at any level Oulton, Global leaders who act as change agents work to develop this enhanced global perspective in frontline nurses.

An interprofessional approach to GHIs provides a more united front and an increased chance of success. Nurse leaders also have the opportunity to engage physicians, advanced practice nurses, and other ancillary healthcare providers in a global level response.

The more people are able to reach out and impact the community, the louder the message delivered. Leaders must take responsibility to filter knowledge of GHIs downward and upward within organizations. In response to any emerging GHI, this bi-directional pathway is important to both heighten awareness and gain support at all levels. Global health issues do not exist in a vacuum Global health issues do not exist in a vacuum; they are problems of high complexity that must be fully and comprehensively considered.

Simple solutions do not exit. These multidimensional problems require global collaboration, organization, and resources, applied with a bold vision and true commitment. The lens of social justice may better frame solutions required at micro-, meso-, and macro-system levels. A profession such as nursing Nurses are positioned in settings such as government roles, public health, academia, clinical care, leadership, and private industries with the ability to develop a creative and effective network to respond to multifaceted problems.

There is a clear need to increase nurse awareness and education about GHIs, including, but not limited to emerging infectious diseases, human trafficking, and maternal-newborn health. Professional nurses can contribute as global leaders of change by becoming active in communities; professional nursing organizations; policy making and advocacy organizations; and their workplaces. A profession such as nursing, with millions of providers both in the United States and worldwide, has the opportunity to positively impact GHIs, perhaps like no other.

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While the pauvre experienced cyclical poverty when crops failed or when the demand for seasonal agricultural labor was low, the indigent were perpetually poor due to of ill health, accidents, old age, or intoxication. Second, a fairness profile with indicators corresponding to how people with different kinds of personal characteristics should be able to access the same job. A global citizen is aware of the wider world; respects and values diversity; and is outraged by social injustice at any level Oulton, The institutional commitment to strengthen character-driven global leadership is reflected in its efforts to support humanitarian action. Ethics and values in industrial-organizational psychology J Lefkowitz Routledge ,

Trent-Adams hhs. Cindy McCain Email: meghan. June Marshall is a nurse scientist for Texas Health Resources, an entrepreneur and leader in nursing. Advisory Board.

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Domestic minor sex trafficking. Washington D.